A couple on the National Living Wage now earns 13 per cent less than the amount needed to provide essentials, the report calculated. A lone parent on the maximum level of benefits now falls 31 per cent short of the cost of child-rearing, up from 22 per cent in 2012.
“For the first time in post-war history, these cost increases are not being matched by increases in support given to families from the state,” said report author Donald Hirsch, director of the Centre for Research in Social Policy at Loughborough University.
He said the cuts are, “particularly painful for non-working families, who have little over half of what they need.”
The report measures the cost of raising a child as the difference between what parents would spend on their basic living costs with and without children, rather than the absolute cost of child-rearing.
On this measure, lone parents have been hit hardest by recent benefit cuts, the CPAG found, with the cost of raising a child soaring more than a fifth in just five years. Couples have seen costs jump by 8.7 per cent.
For those in work, the Government’s introduction of the National Living Wage has not allowed people to make ends meet. A 4 per cent increase in the statutory minimum pay level has been largely clawed back through reduced tax credits, which are means tested, the CPAG found. Inflation has eaten up the rest and more. The Office for National Statistics reported last week that price rises are again outsripping wages largely as a result of the weak pound which has made imports more expensive.
Even single parents on the UK’s median wage earn 14 per cent less than the minimum they need to bring up a child in what Britons consider an adequate standard of living. A couple on the average wage earns 8 per cent more than the amount they need to reach that standard, the research found.
Both in-work and out-of-work families have been hit by a range of recent benefit changes, and the effects will become worse as cuts take full effect, CPAG warned.
It said the reduced cap on total benefits which took effect in 2016 has begun to have “significant effects” on the ability of families to make ends meet. The family element, which was paid to all families receiving tax credit and covered 7.3 million of the UK’s 12.9 million children has only just begun to hurt. As has the limit on child tax credit entitlements to two children, which is estimated to affect 3 million children.
The changes come after child poverty had already increased in both 2015 and 2016, with 20 per cent of children now living below the poverty line according to the latest figures from the Department for Work and Pensions.
The CPAG report calls into question Prime Minister Theresa May’s commitment to helping the “just about managing”. It also comes just a day after she faced a backlash from dozens of Tory MPs, including 20 former ministers, over the decision to drop a key general election proposal to cap energy bills for 17 million British people.
Katie Schmuecker, head of policy at the Joseph Rowntree Foundation which commissioned the CPAG research, warned that “tough times are set to get even tougher”.
She called on the Government to use the next Budget to help struggling families.
“By ending the freeze on working age benefits and reversing the two child limit on Universal Credit, the Government can give low income families much-needed respite from the strain on their living standards,” she said.
Activists will give evidence to a committee sitting in Geneva
United Nations officials will hear evidence of how British ministers are breaching disabled people’s rights today.
The UN’s Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is investigating the UK’s progress in implementing the UN Convention on the Rights of Disabled People.
Last October it warned that welfare cuts have led to “grave and systematic violations” of rights.
Campaigners have accused the Government of “complacency at best and high-handed evasion at worst”.
Disability Rights UK chief executive Kamran Mallick said: “Many disabled people and their families saw the UK’s signature of the international convention as a vital milestone on the journey to true equality and the fulfilment that comes with leading independent, rounded lives.
“They now feel betrayed by the Government’s failure to adhere to either the spirit or the letter of the convention.
“Small steps forward are more than outweighed by a raft of significant adverse measures, such as cruel and demeaning benefit changes and the extension of compulsory mental health treatment to the community.”
Mr Mallick is set to tell the committee in Geneva that a range of Government policies and a lack of appropriate support and services from the NHS and councils mean the UK is breaching the human rights of many disabled people.
Many cannot live independent, fulfilling lives – but could enjoy if the Government respected the convention, he will say.
The review will look at issues such as detentions under mental health legislation, employment, education, transport and housing.
A Government spokesman said: “The UK is a recognised world leader in disability rights and equality, which is why we supported the development of the UN convention.
I had just bought my copy of the ‘I’ this morning and was glancing at the story below (it’s the basis of the Front Page) when I saw a group of Street People squatting on the Corner of Upper Brook Street and Tacket Street in Ipswich.
They did not over supplied with wealth….
I immediately thought of this article, written by somebody with the ideas not too far from Patrick Minford, the man who says, “Our economy will gain billions after Brexit”.
Minford was a pioneer in the “rational expectations revolution’. Not being an economist I have little idea of the details, but his premise was the unfettered free market. “Work by Minford’s team at Liverpool was also influential on unemployment policy, especially labour market liberalisation, where the Liverpool Model was the first model to develop a ‘supply side’ designed to explain the underlying trend or ‘natural’ unemployment rate.”
More recently, apart from his his promise of a rosy future under Brexit, he has said this, “New living wage will penalise the poor with unemployment, economist warns” “Cardiff University economics professor Patrick Minford says the new rate of £7.20 an hour prices people out of jobs” (March 2016)
Minford’s mates (though like all sects they disagree with one another on the finer points) came up with this a few days ago, an attempt to explain how the Conservatives deal with the fine tuning in the free market machine they have set up over the years.
We’re told, endlessly that this food network exists because of austerity – that the need is something new. But this doesn’t pass the laugh test for anyone rich in maturity. The British state has always been lousy at paying benefits on time and in full – even before Mrs Thatcher, I recall people waiting weeks and weeks for unemployment benefits, which is why we would chip in to keep them fed.
So, in one sense, we should be celebrating the rise of the food bank network. Here we’ve a long running and pernicious problem to which a solution has been found. Government’s not very good at the £10-here-and-£20-there problems, and the very bureaucracy of government seems to be the cause of many of them. We’re solving one of these problems.
But this leads us to question why this is a conservative (but not Conservative) movement and system of organisation. The clue to that being Edmund Burke’s “little platoons”. There has been no governmental nor societal mobilisation of the populace to achieve this, Simply a realisation that a problem, previously seemingly intractable, can now be solved.
So, it is being solved entirely through the voluntary action of individuals and groups and purely from the goodness of their hearts. And, again, note, in reaction to the incompetence of government and the state.
The alleviation of poverty is a good idea, the alleviation of hunger a great one. That it’s being done through entirely voluntary interaction of a free people is indeed a conservative moment and victory.
For a different point of view we turn back to the ‘I’.
Vulnerable people are being driven into destitution and reliance on foodbanks because of major flaws in the benefits system, a former welfare minister has claimed. Frank Field has called for a review of the operation of benefits, including the new universal credit (UC), to prevent claimants being unintentionally forced into poverty. His intervention follows warnings that foodbank use continues to climb, with large numbers of families with young children asking for emergency help.
The Trussell Trust, Britain’s largest foodbank network, handed out a record number of emergency food parcels in 2016-17. It said foodbank referrals in areas where UC had been fully rolled out were running at twice the national average. Mr Field, the chairman of the work and pensions select committee, said: “Far from a welfare state which protects the weaker underbelly in society, it is attacking them.”
In a letter to the new Work and Pensions Secretary, David Gauke, he listed a series of complaints about the benefits system. Advance loans Mr Field said UC claimants only receive their first payments after six weeks, relying on advance loans to tide them over. Others faced problems because they cannot produce adequate paperwork – such as proof of tenancy – to back up claims for the housing costs element of universal credit, he added.
The Labour MP warned of disabled people being forced to use foodbanks as their benefits have been “wrongly withdrawn or drastically reduced” when they moved on to the new Personal Independence Payment (PIP) system. He backed an urgent review of the assessment system for evaluating PIP claims amid frequent complaints that it was too rigid to assess accurately claimants’ ability to work.
Mr Field said he had been told homeless people faced penury because they were unable to claim Jobseekers’ Allowance without a fixed address. Travel costs He added that he also had evidence from around the country that people who found jobs were relying on foodbanks in the gap between the final benefit payments and first pay cheque. He suggested they could be given special help with expenses such as travel costs over this period to make ends meet and stop them going hungry.
Mr Field told i: “For the first time ever, we have now got a welfare state which is causing destitution and nobody, but nobody, set out for the welfare state to do that. “A number of benefit changes have stopped people getting help they need. “Those benefits are meant to knit together and give us a safety net. What we now have is far from a safety net – the welfare state is by accident being reshaped into an agent that causes destitution.” Mr Field was particularly critical of the six week gap before the first universal credit payments are received – and said the cash often did not arrive that quickly. “If you are down on your luck and you aren’t going to get benefit for six weeks, and they make it three months – and you have got kids, it’s the summer, then there’s the school uniform and electricity bills to pay and you have got to get the rent – then the whole thing is intolerable.”
Posh Tory MP Jacob Rees-Mogg has earned £4million from his City firm since entering Parliament but can vote for benefit reductions for the disabled, sick & jobless
The backbencher has been tipped as a potential Conservative Party leader
Multi-millionaire Tory Jacob Rees-Mogg has trousered at least £4million from his mega-bucks City firm since becoming an MP, it was revealed today.
The super-posh Old Etonian, tipped as a Conservative leadership rival to Theresa May, pocketed the eye-watering sum from Somerset Capital Management, the investment firm he set-up 10 years ago.
He is believed to have scooped more than £1million this year alone.
Boasting of his joy at the company’s success, he bragged: “I am fortunate to have a private income and it’s my business and I’m actually quite proud of it.”
But while his bank accounts are bursting with cash, he has repeatedly voted to slash benefits and deny public workers wage rises of more than 1% since entering Parliament in 2010.
The respected They Work For You website, which monitors MPs’ voting records, says he “consistently voted for a reduction in spending on welfare benefits”, “consistently voted against paying higher benefits over longer periods for those unable to work due to illness or disability” and “consistently voted against raising welfare benefits at least in line with prices”.
Mr Rees-Mogg’s bumper jackpot makes him one of the top earners in the Commons.
He among 21 “members”, or partners, in SCM and accounts published in recent weeks show that in June it paid profits of £21.9million to members – 51% more than last year.
MPs’ register of interests reveal Mr Rees-Mogg owns at least 15% of SCM, suggesting his share would be at least £3.3million.
However, he told the Sunday Times, which revealed the payouts, the actual payment to him was “very considerably less”.
SCM also shelled out £5.98million in “remuneration” to members, including Mr Rees-Mogg, in the year to March, according to its accounts.
The MP works between 30 and 35 hours a month for the company, and his share was £173,000, according to parliamentary records.
But the North-East Somerset MP, who sat on the Treasury Select Committee in the last Parliament, is not required to declare most of the money in the register of MPs’ interests.
Speaking to the Sunday Times, he refused to disclose his yearly income from SCM, but did not deny it was more than £1million.
He said: “I will confirm that I receive a dividend from Somerset Capital Management, in addition to my salary for 35 hours’ work per month, which I declare.
“My dividend is private, that’s not something I have to declare.”
Asked whether his overall year’s income from the firm was more than £1million, he said: “I’m not going to go into specific figures.”
He has also declared £943,000 in salary from SCM since being elected in 2010.
Separately from SCM, Mr Rees-Mogg also owns the freehold of a large building in London’s Pall Mall, worth around £4million, plus a leasehold flat inside valued at a £1.5million.
He also nets £76,011 a year as a backbench MP – nearly three times the average salary.
A campaign has gathered pace over the summer to propel him to the top of his party – and Mr Rees-Mogg has appeared on a string of TV shows as he seeks to build his profile.
He scooped £1,500 of licence fee-payer’s money as a guest on BBC1’s Have I Got News For You, which was properly declared last year.
Disabled people take complaints about UK Government’s disability rights record to the United Nations.
Deaf and Disability organisations from across the United Kingdom will today (21 August) highlight the Government’s ongoing human rights violations and evasive behaviour towards a major United Nations committee.
The committee is assessing the UK’s progress in implementing the UN Convention on the Rights of Disabled People, which the UK government ratified in 2009. It will consider the Government’s response to its questions and the DDPOs’ observations before quizzing representatives from the UK and devolved Governments in Geneva later this week (23 and 24 August).
Referring to the Government’s submission for the investigation, Kamran Mallick, chief executive of Disability Rights UK, said: “Many of the Government’s answers have a tone of complacency at best and high-handed evasion at worst.
“The Government produced no evidence or detail to show how it is supporting people to lead independent lives; something it committed to when it ratified the convention in 2009.
“The Government document also makes grand claims about the impact of the Equality Act and the Care Act that simply don’t reflect the everyday experiences of disabled people in the UK.”
DPPOs will tell the committee that a range of Government policies – many arising from the austerity agenda – place it in breach of the convention. These shortcomings are aggravated, the campaigners say, by the failure of other public sector bodies such as local authorities and NHS organisations to deliver the support and safeguards set out in the convention.
Among the issues highlighted in the DDPOs’ submission are:
The poor supply of accessible housing
The impact of the Government’s welfare reforms
A rise in the number of Disabled children in segregated education
Cuts in health and social care services that support people to live independently
The growing use of compulsory detention and forced treatment powers contained in mental health legislation that are incompatible with the UN convention
Plans to cap funding for support that allows Disabled people to work – possibly forcing many to give up satisfying and worthwhile jobs
Concerns about the level of hate speech and hate crime
A tendency by public bodies to focus on processes rather than meaningful outcomes when fulfilling their legal duty to eliminate discrimination and promote equality.
The cumulative impact is that many Disabled people are unable to live the independent, fulfilling lives that the convention commits nations to delivering. Instead, they continue to face serious discrimination in accessing educational, employment and social opportunities.
Tracey Lazard, Chief Executive Officer of Inclusion London speaking on behalf of the Reclaiming Our Future Alliance, said: “There is clear and extensive evidence of retrogression of Disabled people’s rights in the UK since 2010.
“To date responses from the Government have failed to acknowledge the existence, let alone the scale, of this problem – a problem that is having a dramatic adverse impact on the lives of millions of Disabled people and our families every day.
“We look forward to taking part in proceedings in Geneva to continue to ensure the disability committee has accurate information about the situation in the UK and in hearing how the government responds to their questions.”
Tony O’Reilly of the North West Forum of People with Disabilities, an organisation in Northern Ireland, said: “The Government needs to do much more to ensure that Disabled people are properly and effectively engaged with in the decision-making processes that impact on their lives.”
Rhian Davies, Chief Executive of Disability Wales said: “Disabled people in Wales are angry at the continued dismissal of their rights by the UK Government. There is only so much that the Welsh Government can do to mitigate the impact of austerity policies.
“With the highest proportion of Disabled people in the UK, the cumulative impact of benefits and service cuts is devastating lives in Wales.”
Sally Witcher, Chief Executive Officer at Inclusion Scotland said: “We remain deeply concerned about the erosion of Scottish Disabled people’s human rights caused by the UK Government-led cuts to benefits and services. We are pleased to join our colleagues from across the UK to challenge this.
“The Scottish Government’s approach is more positive, with commitments to new devolved disability benefits founded on dignity and respect, and to reducing the employment gap, as well as support for Disabled people’s participation in politics and policymaking.
“However, we now need to see more action to realise Disabled people’s human rights – particularly in relation to the real failings of our social care support system.”
Steven Robertson, Chair of the Law and Human Rights Group within People First Scotland, added: “We are again excited to be part of the delegation of Deaf and Disabled People’s Organisations attending the United Nations Committee session.
“People First (Scotland) have been campaigning for the replacement of substitute decision-making regimes, such as Guardianship, with a system of supported decision-making for people with learning disabilities. Only then will Government be in compliance with Article 12 of the convention.”
“DPPOs will also point to the Government’s failure to act on the recommendations of a separate inquiry report the committee published last December. In that special inquiry, which was triggered by the DPPOs, the committee concluded that the UK Government’s welfare reforms were violating rights set out in the convention.
The DDPOs’ submission was co-produced by Disability Rights UK, Reclaiming our Futures Alliance, Inclusion Scotland, People First Scotland, Disability Wales, Disability Action Northern Ireland, British Deaf Association and Black Triangle.
If that was really the case, I’d understand people’s anger.
Of course, it doesn’t help that shows like Jeremy Kyle depict individuals who perpetuate the stereotype of welfare seekers, that they’re sat around all day, not wanting to work, claiming money from the hard-working taxpayer.
I wish that was true, because it would make the system simpler, and Universal Credit would make sense.
People who can work, but don’t want to, should be given a financial incentive to work, get into employment, and voila, problem solved.
Unfortunately, I’ve seen the reality with my own eyes, and can confirm that it simply isn’t the case.
Five days later, I got a call saying that my application had been automatically closed.
Despite giving my current address on my application, the system had a different address on file, so I didn’t read as eligible for Universal Credit.
I was told I’d need to travel to my local Jobcentre Plus, fill in a change of address form, wait for the system to process it, call up again, make a new claim, then await a callback with an appointment.
I asked the woman on the line if she was joking. She wasn’t.
So I turned up to the Jobcentre Plus, spent 20 minutes filling out a form, then got told not to fill in any applications. I was meant to apply for Universal Credit online.
Yeah, tried that. Didn’t work, did it?
After explaining my situation repeatedly over the course of two hours, watching three staff stand and scratch their heads over what a change of address form was and where it could be, I was eventually sent away and told it would be sorted.
Four working days later, I’d heard nothing, so I called back.
I’d been applying to 20 jobs a day, attending three to five interviews a week on average, and my money was running out.
I was told that I couldn’t be found on the system, and I had to reapply over the phone.
I was still expected to travel to my Jobcentre on the train every week, attend interviews and pay for my living costs, despite rapidly depleting funds.
I did so, expecting that my efforts at job hunting each week would be recognised by my work coach.
Two weeks in, he asked me why I was applying for graduate jobs.
‘You need to set the bar lower,’ he told me, handing me an application to be a night cleaner in a supermarket.
I felt like he was telling me to give up on my dreams.
When I told him I was getting interviews, but being told that other candidates had more experience, he told me I wasn’t working hard enough.
I struggled not to cry. I was working so hard and being punished for no reason.
I was applying for 30 jobs a day by this point – spending eight hours a day filling in online forms, emailing CVs to companies, tweaking cover letters, updating my LinkedIn profile with as much experience as I could.
When my money finally came through, it was only a fraction of what I’d been told I would get.
I asked what was going on in my next appointment and my work coach shrugged.
‘Dial the call centre,’ he told me, pointing to a phone.
Fortunately, I have a therapist who was so horrified by what I went through that the rate for each session is severely discounted.
I became so desensitised to the sexual violence that I would talk about it in a matter-of-fact monotone, face expressionless, sometimes laughing slightly to deal with talking about how disgusting the events were, the shocking nature of the things I was talking about so calmly.
In fact, I didn’t cry at anything I discussed over the following four months, and I’ve been abused over 30 times.
The other day, I went to therapy, and discussed the details of what Universal Credit had done.
‘I applied for 40 jobs a day, and they told me I wasn’t working hard enough. They cut my money, and I was evicted, I was homeless, and I got abused. They gave me 75p a day.’
My voice cracked on the last word, and I started crying.
Abusive people, at least in my experience, don’t pretend to be good.
You know what you’re getting with them. That doesn’t make the experiences easier to deal with, but it’s clear cut.
What made me cry is the fact Universal Credit has people believing those on benefits are lazy. Then they make you think you’re worth nothing.
They trot out slogans which, combined with television depictions of those receiving welfare, have people believing that they could walk into a job, should they want to – but they can’t be bothered.
I used to think that, after university, I’d graduate and all the experience I’d gained would guarantee me a job fairly quickly.
What I learned is that, the minute you slip through the net, you get pushed to the floor, then repeatedly kicked, over and over.
‘The crisis in the NHS has been caused by political decisions,’ the astrophysicist said in a passionate and dramatic intervention
Stephen Hawking has attacked the Tories in a dramatic and passionate intervention.
The astrophysicist attacked the government for having slashed funding and pushed the NHS towards privatisation, telling The Guardian that the “crisis in the NHS has been caused by political decisions”.
Professor Hawking said that the health service had suffered so many cuts that it was now unable to treat the people that it cares for, and that it was endangering lives.
He also said that the government were undermining science by not listening to expert recommendations that contradicted their policies.
“Speaking as a scientist, cherry picking evidence is unacceptable,” he will say in a speech that will single out health secretary Jeremy Hunt. “When public figures abuse scientific argument, citing some studies but suppressing others, to justify policies that they want to implement for other reasons, it debases scientific culture.
Most pernicious falsehood from Stephen Hawking is idea govt wants US-style insurance system.Is it 2 much to ask him to look at evidence? 1/2
“One consequence of this sort of behaviour is that it leads ordinary people not to trust science, at a time when scientific research and progress are more important than ever, given the challenges we face as a human race.”
Mr Hawking will also say that the government has brought so many private companies into the health service that they are making way for it to become a US-style system that will only provide the best medicine to the richest people.
“We must prevent the establishment of a two-tier service, with the best medicine for the wealthy and an inferior service for the rest. International comparisons indicate that the most efficient way to provide good healthcare is for services to be publicly funded and publicly run,” he will say.